今天是:
当前位置:精品教育资源城 >> 英语试卷 >> 中考模拟题集锦 >> 浏览试卷

2014年中考英语冲刺训练:选词填空专项训练

 

短文填空是近年才创设的一种新题型。这种题型为:给出一篇难易适中的短文,中间去掉10个单词,同时在一个方框内给出10至12个单词,① 让考生根据短文的内容,确定词义②用方框中所给词的适当形式填空,确定词性和词形变化,把这些单词填入空白处,使文章正确、通顺。
这种题型考查的是考生的整体阅读能力和基础语法的运用能力,特别是单词的词性和词形转化能力。它是介于阅读理解和书面表达之间的一种题型。
根据平时的观察,学生在做英语的“选词填空”时,遭遇较多困难,有的甚至条件反射一样畏惧或厌烦。在此,我把平时积累的解题技巧和训练技巧略作归纳,希望能给有需要的学生朋友提供一点帮助。
  “选词填空”要求学生利用所给的12个词汇(一般有名词、代词、动词、形容词、副词、数词、冠词、介词和连词等)补全一篇有10个空缺的短文。要攻克这一难关,学生除了要进行大量的课外阅读,积累丰富的语言知识外,还需掌握一定的解题技巧。
  1.在拿到题目后,不要急于看文章,首先对备选的词汇研究几遍,对词性作简单的标记,例如:名词-n.,动词-v.,形容词-a.,副词-ad. 等等。同时对词义作初步的理解。
  2.通读全文,语义完整、适用、合乎逻辑是做好填词的前提。通过上、下文的句子,充分理解短文的内容,注意发现固定搭配关系,凭借语感积极主动地猜测空格中所缺的信息,根据需要去备选词汇中寻找匹配的答案。
  3.在选定单词后,不要轻率地填入。在填词过程中,需要瞻前顾后,既要符合本句的含义,又要保证句式结构的正确。当你选定一个名词时,要考虑是否要把它变成复数或“所有格”形式。例如:match-matches, friend-friend‘s/friends’。其他还要考虑名词是否需要变成形容词,例如:sun-sunny, use-useful/useless/used, danger-dangerous;在遇到动词时,要有意识地去考虑时态和语态的变化以及非谓语动词形式的变化(动词不定式- to do, 现在分词-doing, 过去分词-done, 固定搭配-enjoy doing sth./used to do sth./have sth. done…)。
形容词和副词填空时要主动去判定是否需要变成比较级或最高级,还有它们之间的相互转换以及形容词变名词的需求也需考虑,例如:interesting-more /the most interesting, happy-happily,happy -happiness; 填入代词时,需注意辨别主格、宾格、名词性和形容词性物主代词或反身代词的用法;数词方面要注意基数词和序数词的变化以及分数和虚实数的用法,例如:three-third, 2/3-two thirds, one thousand/thousands of ;冠词只需要在 a或an之间判别,如a girl/an old man; 当遇到介词和连词时,就更简单,只要符合上下文逻辑或固定短语搭配,填入即可。为了方便记忆,试着记住下面的顺口溜:空前空后要注意,“名词”单复数要牢记,还有‘s 不能弃,“动词”注意要变形,“形副”注意要用三种级,要填“数词”请留意,千万别忘 “基” 和“序”,填入“代词”需慎重,五格变化要谨记。
4.完成填词后,应通读全文,复核校对。检查单词拼写是否正确,是否有时态、语态、惯用法及词语选用上的错误,以确保答案的正确性。最后把答案填入答卷时,切勿错位。
例题解析:
(一)用方框中所给词语的适当形式填空,使短文正确、通顺、连贯(每词限用一次)。
  

 

 
 Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. I'm here today to share a good lesson with you. It is a true story about an overseas student   71 ________   in Germany.
  After years of hard work, this student graduated with amazing achievements. Everyone thought he was going to get a good   72________    easily and have a bright future. But to his disappointment, he was not even given the   73  _______  for an interview! The third time he was refused, he couldn't help telephoning the company to ask   74________    they didn't want him. The answer was simple. " We don't offer jobs to   75  __________  people in Germany."
  What was wrong, you might wonder? The truth is, shortly after he arrived in Germany, this clever student found that it was   76________    to skip buying subway tickets. So   77_____    save money, he often went without a ticket. As a result, he had been caught without a ticket in the subway   78________    times.
  From this story, we learn that we may get short-term benefits in dishonest ways, but the truth will   79 ________   sooner or later and the cost is high. So remember: honesty is the   80   _______ rule.
That's all for my speech. Thank you!
【主旨大意】这是一篇演讲稿。通过一个生动的例子告诉大家一个道理:我们可以用不诚实的方式获取短期的利益,但迟早会真相大白,并为此付出高昂的代价。诚实才是上策。
答案:
71. living 现在分词作定语,修饰 student
72. job 前一句说该学生取得了惊人的成绩,都认为他能有一份好工作(job)和光明未来。
73. chance 句意:他甚至没有被给面试的机会。
74. why .why引导的宾语从句表示原因。
75. dishonest由下文知那个学生4次逃票,所以是不诚实的。
76. easy 句意:...发现逃票很容易。注意句型:It is +adj.+to do sth.
77. in order to  句意:...为了节省钱,他经常逃票。
78. four   four times 四次。注意用基数词
79. come out 。   "the truth will come out "将会真相大白。
80. best .  "honesty is the best rule"诚实才是上策。注意the后的最高级形式。

(二)用方框中所给词语的适当形式填空,使短文正确、通顺、连贯(每词限用一次)。

 

 

  Proving Them Wrong!
  I' m John Wood, a doctor at a famous Boston hospital. During the first two years of high school, I found biology very 56______ . My report cards always said things like "must study harder" or "John shouldn't choose science 57_______ ." It was really terrible for 58_______ who had always dreamed of becoming a doctor. I lost confidence, so I left high school x j at sixteen and   59_________   working at a supermarket.
  One evening I saw a documentary about Albert Einstein. According to the documentary, Einstein had done really 60_______ at school. I began to think that Einstein could 61________ , then I may have a chance, too. I didn't want to leave my job, 62 _________I decided to go to night school to finish high school. Two years later, I went to a   63_________ university.
  I've often thought I should contact the   64__________   the Einstein documentary
  and   65 __________  him. As for the biology teacher, I might contact her, too, one day - but not to thank her!
【主旨大意】梦想成为医生的"我",由于生物学得不好,在老师一句"不适合学理科"评价下,"我"失去信心。然而从爱因斯坦成功事例的鼓舞下,"我"梦想成真。一句话可以成就一个人,也可毁掉一个人。
56. difficult 根据下文"成绩单总是写着'应努力学习'"可生物对作者来说很难。
57.classes 句意为"不应选择理科"
58.someone 对梦想成为医生的人来说很糟糕
59.started 离开学习开始在超市上班。
60.badly 根据文献爱因斯坦在学校曾经学的很糟。
61.succeed 爱因斯坦能成功,我可能还有机会。
62.so 连词的考察"由于我不想丢掉工作,因此我决定上夜校。"
63.medical 根据上文梦想成为医生,所以应为"上医学院"
64.reporter 我应联系爱因斯坦文献的记者
65.thank我应联系爱因斯坦文献的记者并谢谢他。

实战练习
( 1 )
well ,  soft,  second,  better,  may,  strongly,  afraid,  sand ,  stay up,  if,  now,  house
 
 We can’t stop an earthquake(地震), but we can do things to make sure they don’t destroy(毁坏) whole cities. First, it is not a 1 .________  idea to build houses along lines where  2. ________ of the earth’s plates(板块) join together. Second, if you think there  3. ________ be an earthquake, it is better to build houses on rocks , not on  4. ________. Third, you must make the houses as  5. ________ as possible. Weak buildings will fall down in an earthquake, but strong ones may  6. ________ .  .
   Scientists are   7. ________  that one day an even bigger earthquake will hit the part around San Francisco(旧金山) . They call it “ The Big One ”. However, people today are still building more   8. ________  . The population in and around San Francisco is  9. ________  ten times more than it was in 1906. This means that  10. ________   there is another earthquake, a great many houses and buildings will be destroyed.
                            (2)
(2011四川宜宾) 第二节:选词填空。(共8个小题,每小题1分,计8分)
从下面方框中选出8个单词,用它们的适当形式填入短文空格内,使短文意思正确、通顺。(每词限用一次)
take,  bad,  medicine,  careful,  nothing,  come, month, something,  and,  wrong
 


Mr. Shute lives in a village. He has got a big family and a strong dog. His farm is small   76   he is often free in winter. So he goes to a city and finds work there.
Once he stayed in a city for two   77   . When New Year was coming, he went back home to see his wife and his children. On his way home, something was   78   with his eyes. When he knocked on the door, his dog   79   out and was not friendly to him. His wife hurried to drive it away. The next morning he went to see a doctor. The doctor looked over his eyes   80 and gave him some   81  . Before he left, he told the doctor about his dog. When he heard this, the doctor began to laugh and said, “Maybe something is wrong with your dog’s eyes, too.”
When Mr. Shute got home, he told his wife about it. The woman said, “I’m afraid it’s true. If a thief comes into our house, it won’t see him and he’ll steal   82   here.”
Mr. Shute thought his wife was right. He then made his dog   83  his medicine instead.
(3)
【2011山东菏泽】五、综合填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面短文,根据短文内容用方框内所给词语的适当形式填空,使短文语义完整。(请你一定要注意词语的形式变化!)
 
to   must   ask   unusual   it   when   early   who   notice   if
My name is Jim White. I live in America. I had a very   (66)   experience on Sunday. I saw a UFO in the daytime.   (67)   this spring, I went outside with my friend Bill  (68)  lived close to me. We were walking to a hill  (69)  I saw a large bright light dancing in the sky. I called Jim and asked him to look up. He kept  (70)  , “What is that?” “A UFO!” I shouted excitedly. I  (71)  it was round and red in the center.
After we looked at  (72)  for a moment, we found it seemed that it had wings, but it was still round. Bill would not believe me when I told him it  (73)  be a UFO. We shouted  (74)  it and we wished that it would land. We wanted to know  (75)  there was an alien in it. But soon it disappeared. I guessed we scared it off.
Do you believe me? It’s a true story.
请将答案写在下面的横线上: 
                               (4)
【2011浙江杭州】七、选词填空

发表评论
用户评论
 以下是对 [2014年中考英语冲刺训练:选词填空专项训练] 的评论,总共:0条评论