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2014年中考英语冲刺训练:书面表达专项训练

 

书面表达解题技巧
书面表达”是考查学生综合运用英语能力的一种题型,它要求考生根据所给情景和要求写一篇短文,文章内容要符合所给的情景和要求。文理句子要通顺,它既像作文又不完全是作文,因为书面表达有提示和要求两部分。“提示”一般包括与写作内容紧密相关的信息;“要求”一般包括对短文的文体、格式及字数的要求。我们不能离开情景和要求自行立意、选材,随意发挥。它类似汉译英,但又不同于汉译英,因为我们必须根据所给材料进行适当地发挥,切中题意,语言准确,条理清楚,书写规范。为此我们要做到以下几点,按要求完成题目,取得良好的成绩。
  一、审题要仔细
  仔细阅读“书面表达”的提示及要求,有给文字背景材料的,有看图作文的,还有两者兼而有之的。对于文字材料,我们要仔细阅读其内容,并对材料中所给的信息进行筛选,抓住重点,进行立意,否则,会导致书面表达的错误率升高,甚至逻辑不清,文不对题。对于看图作文,我们把几幅画面联系起来,若是漫画式的,一般主题鲜明,图画中多余的内容很少,读起来比较容易理解。若是写实式的,图画中与主题无关的内容较多,有时容易被细小问题所纠缠而不能明确主题,所以要仔细审题,领会作者究竟想表达一个什么样的中心思想,然后再分别去描述。
  二、行文要正确
  读完提示与要求之后,就要对提供的信息或画面进行语言上的组织,要用英语进行思维,有的学生习惯用汉语打底稿,再逐句翻译,这样一方面浪费时间,另一方面容易写成汉语式的英语。要学会用英语思维,直接用英语表达,使文章意思连贯,语言流畅,逻辑严谨。
  三、语言要严谨
  尽量使用自己熟悉的已经掌握的词汇和句型,长短句子要结合,尽量使用简单句,正确选择人称和时态。若一时想不起某个单词的拼写,可“ 绕道而行”, 由同义词或近义词来代替, 也可使用同义句或者正话反说。如“他英语学得很好” ,可以说He studies English very well./ He is goodat English./ He does well in English. 或者HisEnglish isn’t poor. 这是关键的一步,只有把握好这一关,才能有效地减少错误的发生。
  四、适当发挥
  适当发挥但不能脱离中心, 还要符合字数要求,切忌多多益善。古人云“言多易失”,你写得越多,出错的几率就越大,所以不可画蛇添足,为了语言的连贯性,适当使用过渡词,如and、then、so、or、but等,可使文章锦上添花。
  五、书写要规范
  卷面要清楚,书写要规范。卷面就像是人的脸面,干干净净,一尘不染最好。首先你就能得到一些感情分,即便有些错误,阅卷者也不愿意忍痛割爱。相反,字迹潦草,涂涂改改,肯定要被扣分,另外书写时要压格,这样会使字迹看起来更清楚、更漂亮。
  六、成文多查看
  文章写完后, 一定要回过头来认真检查,检查时注意以下要点①文章是否符合题意要求,要点有无遗漏②语言是否流畅,语法是否正确,包括单词拼写、大小写,标点符号;动词时态,语态,名词单复数,所有格,主谓一致,词语搭配等。总之,英语书面表达能力的提高是一个从量变到质变的过程,需要我们平时在学习中多注意,多积累,从根本上解决存在的问题,这样才有“一份耕耘,一份收获”,也才能让自己“下笔如有神”。

假设你叫李磊,请你针对这封信的内容,给这位父亲写封回信,谈谈你的看法。要求:条例清楚,语义连贯,句式规范,字迹工整。词数80左右。
Dear editor,

I'm sorry to trouble you. I have a daughter. She is 13 years old. She likes making telephone calls. As soon as he gets back from school, she picks up the telephone and calls her classmates. She talks and talks, sometimes for 2 or 3 hours. We can't use it. I tell him not to do it, but she is unhappy. What should I do? 
A worried father
【步步点拨】
1. 本文主要谈如何纠正孩子爱打电话的问题,属于学生比较熟悉的话题。
2. 本文的格式是书信。特别要求学生注意称呼、正文、结束语和署名。
3. 问题的解决可从内因和外因两个方面出发。内因可以从学生的天职是学习去谈;外因可以去找老师,找同学的家长帮忙,也可以为她安装上部电话,让她付话费。
4. 本文属于论述文,要求在文章中有明确的观点,并用事例论证。
【例文品读】
Dear Sir,
Don't worry. You can have a word with her and tell her what to do. As a student, she must put her heart into the study. Making telephones too much is bad for her study. If she goes on doing it, you can tell it to her teachers. I think they can help you.
You can also find out whom your daughter calls up. You may ask their parents for help.
You may buy a telephone for her. She can make telephone calls with her own telephone, but she must pay for it by herself.
Yours,              
Li Lei             
              Lin Ping            

实战练习

(1)
Write at least 60 words about the topic “Face life with a smile.”(以“笑对人生”(微笑着面对生活)为题写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格。)
(注意:短文不得出现学生的姓名、校名及其它相关信息,否则不予评分。)
The following points must be included.   (下列要点必须包含。)   
► How do you usually face life? / Do you usually face the life with a smile?
► Especially when should you smile to face life? (Give at least two examples.)
► Why?
(注意:短文不得出现学生的姓名、校名及其它相关信息,否则不予评分。)

(2)
Write a passage of at least 60 words on the topic “My view on using the Internet.” (以“我对使用因特网的看法”为题写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格。)
(注意:短文不得出现学生的姓名、校名及其它相关信息,否则不予评分。)
Suggested questions  (以下问题仅供参考)
►What are your views on using the Internet?
► Why do you think so? (Give at least two reasons.)
► What are your suggestions to using the Internet properly?

(3)
Write at least 60 words about the topic "The ways I deal with my problem(s) in study".
(以“我应对学习中所遇问题的方法”为题写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格。)
(注意:短文中不得出现考生的姓名、校名、及其他相关信息,否则不予评分。)
Use the following points as a reference.  (以下问题仅供参考)
► What problem(s) do you have in study?
► How do you deal with the problem(s)?
► What can you learn from your experience of dealing with the problem(s)?
(注意:短文中不得出现任何人名、校名及其他相关信息,否则不予评分)

(4)
Write at least 60 words about the topic "       has helped me to learn a lot ". (以“       使我受益匪浅”为题写一篇不少于60个字的短文,标点符号不占格。)
(注意:短文中不得出现任何人名、校名及其它相关信息,否则不予评分)
Use the following points as a reference.  (以下问题仅供参考)
● What has helped you to learn a lot?
● When did you first take it up?
● How did it help you? Give some examples.

书面表达(20分)
李老师想了解班级同学的状况, 请你根据下面的内容要求, 给李老师写一封信, 说明自己的情况。
内容要点:
1.学习任务重, 睡眠不足, 缺少体育活动。同学间缺乏沟通和交流;
2.在家不允许看电视、 上网、 听音乐等。
Dear Ms Li,
I'm very glad to write to you. _____________________________ _______________________________________________________________
Best wishes.


Dear Ms Li,
I'm very glad to write to you. I have a lot of troubles these days. Every day I have a lot of homework to do. I don't have enough time to sleep. I nearly have no time to do sports. My friends and I can hardly find time to talk, or play together. When I get back home from school, I'm not allowed to watch TV, surf the Internet or listen to my favourite music. I feel worried about myself. I don't know what I should do. Could you please give me some suggestions?
Best wishes.
在家庭里、在社会中,只要我们从自身做起,我们的行为就可以为实现和谐社会(harmonious society)起到推进作用。你们学校的English Newsletter正在以Doing Our Part(从自身做起)为题举行征文活动,请根据下列表格提示的内容,用英语写一篇征文。

  行为 作用
在家庭里 (1)帮助父母做家务事
(2)和父母多交流 (1)让父母不太累
(2)……
在社会中 (1)不乱扔垃圾
(2)……
(3)…… (1)使环境美化(2)……
(3)……
展望:如果我们每个人……
要求:
(1)表达清楚,语法正确,上下文连贯;
(2)必须包括所有相关信息,并作适当发挥;
(3)词数:100左右(征文的开头已给出,不计入总词数);
(4)不得使用真实姓名、校名和地名等。
Doing Our Part
We have grown up and it's time for us to do something for our family and society.
At home, ______________________________________________

parents won't be so tired.We should also spend time chatting with them so that parents and we can understand each other better.
    When we are out,it's more important to pay attention to our behavior.To make the environment beautiful,we should pick litter up instead of dropping it.Besides,it's bad manners to talk loudly in public places.Others will be disturbed.Finally,we should help those people in need and they'll live a better life.
I'm sure if each of us does our part,our family and society will be more harmonious.
书面表达(20分)
同学们,你是怎样度过你丰富多彩的周末的?下面请你以“My Weekends”为题写一篇短文,让老师、同学们和你一起分享一下你的weekends吧!
短文的开头和结尾部分已给出。
My Weekends
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
I usually have a great time on weekends and I like them very much.

My Weekends
Do you know what I often do on weekends? First I have to  finish  my homework.Then I often go to play football with my friends and sometimes I go to the park or the zoo.When the weather is bad,I usually play computer games and watch TV at home.Sometimes I play cards with my parents.
I usually have a great time on weekends and I like them very much.
书面表达(20分)
暑假即将来临,请介绍一下你的暑期计划。
内容要点:
1.适当放松休息,外出观光旅游;
2.探望祖父母并跟他们介绍保持健康的方法;
3.看书,补习功课;
4.帮父母做家务。
要求:
1.80词左右;
2.可结合自己的实际情况进行适当的发挥;
3.不要透露你的真实姓名以及你所在学校、班级等有关情况,否则不予评分。
___________________________________________________.
Summer vacation is coming and I'm really excited.
Now let me tell you about my plans.
   First, I'm going to relax myself. Maybe I'm going to Shanghai because Shanghai is my favourite city.
   Next I'm visiting my grandparents when I'm free. We'll talk about how to keep healthy.
   Then I'm going to read lots of books and get ready for the new term.
   And finally I'm going to do much housework because I want my parents to have a good rest.

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