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2014年山东临沂市中考英语试题(word版,含答案)

 

2014年临沂市初中学生学业考试试题
英  语
注意事项:
1.本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,共10页。满分100分,考试时间100分钟。答卷前,考生务必用0.5毫米黑色签字笔将自己的姓名、准考证号、座号填写在试卷和答题卡规定的位置。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
2.答题注意事项见答题卡,答在本试卷上不得分。
第I卷(选择题  共45分)
一、听力测试(共15小题,计15分)
注意:听力测试分四部分。做题时,先将答案画在试卷上,录音内容结束后,将所选答案转涂到答题卡上。
(一)听句子,选择与句子内容相对应的图片。每个句子读两遍。
请看第一组的三幅图片,听两个句子,完成第1至第2小题。
1.           2.      
请看第二组的三幅图片,听两个句子,完成第3至第4小题。
3.           4.      
(二)听对话和问题,根据所听内容,选择最佳答案。对话和问题都读两遍。
5. A. In the drawer. B. Under the bed. C. Beside the computer. 
6. A. Chemistry.          B. English.    C. Biology.
7. A. At 7:00.        B. At 7:20.  C. At 7:10.   
8. A. Three times a day. B. Four times a day. C. Twice a day.       
9. A. Linda.          B. Alice. C. Cindy.     
10. A. He played computer games.      
B. He read a story.   
C. He studied for the test.         
(三)听短文,根据短文内容,判断下列句子正误,正确的用“A”表示,不正确的用“B”表示。短文读两遍。听短文前,你们有20秒钟的时间阅读下列句子。
11. Mark Allison spent 90 days running across America.
12. He ran across America at the age of 40.
13. His running raised lots of money for a university’s charity.
14. He finished running in California.
15. He thought the human body was fascinating.
请考生们先找到第四大题的A)部分,你们将有5秒钟的准备时间。

二、单项填空(共15小题,计15分)
选择最佳答案。
16. Mike went to the library ________ some books yesterday.
A. borrow  B. to borrow 
C. borrows  D. borrowed
17. We are happy to see our city is developing ________ these years than before.
A. quickly  B. the most quickly
C. very quickly  D. more quickly
18. Three bridges ________ over the river five years ago
A. built  B. build 
C. were built  D. are built
19. Our mother earth gives us ________ we need in our daily life.
A. nobody  B. nothing
C. everybody  D. everything 
20. Now, people regard drinking tea ________ a culture more than a habit.
A. as  B. by 
C. of  D. with

21. We have friends to help us fight against pollution, and trees are one of ________.
A. themselves  B. they 
C. their  D. them
22. Talk to your teacher and you will get help ________ you have a problem
A. unless  B. if
C. until  D. so
23. It ________ about eight minutes for sunlight (阳光) to travel from the sun to the earth.
A. takes  B. spends
C. costs  D. pays
24. Turn off the water while you ________ your teeth or washing your hands.
A. were brushing  B. brush 
C. are brushing  D. brushed
25. When you are swimming, ________ your ears. You can use earplugs (耳塞) to stop water getting into your ears.
A. take after  B. take part in 
C. take off  D. take care of
26. — I’m sorry, sir. I can’t finish the work on time.
   — Never mind. ________, the work is quite difficult.
A. At least  B. For instance   
C. After all  D. Fir st of all
27. After Mandela was free (自由的) in 1990, he chose to shake hands with the people ________ wanted to kill him.
A. whose  B. which 
C. /  D. who
28. ________ delicious these beef noodles are!
A. What  B. How 
 C. What a    D. How a
29. — Your pencil case looks really beautiful.
   — ________. But in fact, Gina’s looks better than mine.
A. Of course  B. Not at all   
C. I’m afraid not  D. Thank you
30. — Dad, can you tell me ________ to the amusement park?          
— The day after tomorrow.
A. when we are going     B. when we went
C. when are we going  D. when did we go

三、阅读理解
(一) 阅读短文,完成31— 45小题。(共15小题,计15分)
A
What will the car be like in the future? Maybe we can sit in a car that can drive itself.
About 40 years ago, scientists from the United States started to develop self-driving cars (无人驾驶汽车). The most famous recent one was made by Google in 2009. There are cameras and radars (雷达) on the top of the car. They allow the computer in the car to draw a 3D map of the environment. Chinese scientists have also successfully developed a self-driving car. The car made a trip from Cha ngsha to Wuhan.
Is a self-driving car safe? A recent study shows that robots make safer drivers than humans. If only 10% of cars on the street are self-driving, they will save 1,000 lives (生命) every year. If 90% of vehicles (交通工具) are self-driving, 21,700 lives will be saved a year. However, a self-driving car is expensive and each costs about $100,000. So it is impossible to be very popular in the near future.
 根据短文内容,判断下列句子正误。正确的用“A”表示,不正确的用“B”表示。
31. American sci entists started to develop self-driving cars in 2009.






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